عنوان مقاله [English]
Baghmalek city with semi – arid and some what mediterranean climate is located in northern eastern Khuzestan province which is chosen as a model of semi- arid region cities of province for architecture consistent with climate studies. In this study conditions of building climate comfort are monthly assessed with idea of Givoni and Mahoney. The results showed that the thermal comfort in the months of April to October during the night was moderate, but during the months of May to September is not appropriate.
So it needs to select materials appropriate with climate or the use of mechanical cooling and in the months of January, March and December during the day and night, requiring the use of mechanical exothermic devices.
The purpose of this research is to maximize the use of environmental potential for energy – saving and raising comfort quality in residential environments and making healthy environments. Therefore with considering are rage monthly minimum and maximum temperatures, average minimum and minimum absolute temperature, average relative humidity, maximum and minimum relative humidity, wind direction and speed, we provide instructions tailored to the city’s climate conditions. According to the results, the most appropriate orientation of buildings is north- south with stretching east – west. In the formation of buildings compact are donse tissue and more suitable.
Openings in small to medium size with one area of 40 to 15 percent of the view area should be with one-sided situation. Because the moderate night for about 4 months of the year is moderate. A space for sleeping in night a building should be anticipated. Internal and external walls and the roofs should be constructed with a lime delay of more than 8 hours.