عنوان مقاله [English]
Climatic conditions in each regionis a function of many variables influence the climate in that area. Identify the key elements of a constructive climate of each region can be very effective in determining the potential of the regional climate.Isfahan in central Iran, is a mountainous region with a diversified topography, the distribution across different climatic zones of the State is entitled.In order to accurately explain the climate zones of the provincial statistical methods: principal component analysis and cluster analysis were used. The Isfahan province is extensive; this factor has caused it variety climates.
The regionalization climate of Isfahan has conducts with new methods of regionalization such as factor analysis and cluster analysis. It has been selected 25 variables from 12 stations for this purpose. The investigation of climate of province with factor analysis method indicates that there are 5 factors which control climate of Isfahan. These factors in important order are: precipitation, temperature, clear sky and sunlight, windy and dusty, warm and moisture import respectively.
One of cluster analysis on five climate factors determined that four climatic regions exist these components, Isfahan into four climatic zones (hot, dry and arid, semi-arid, mountainous and semi-mountainous and cold and cold) can be split. Finally, using the PET Index to assess and compare Climatic comfort conditions of the representative stations in each climate Regions were paid during the year. The results Monthly analysis shows that the best time for tourism in Tehran and Kashan in the months of April and September. The situation was longer for Isfahan and in the months of April, May and October to occur. While that Golpayegan due to the mountainous conditions, State of Non Stress Physiology in the summer months of July and August experience.