دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد
عنوان مقاله [English]
Tourism development in rural regions constitutes a basic element and a solution for saving villages from poverty, immigration, social and economic problems. Many researchers have given opinions about presenting tourism and its elements. Rendering a supply-orientated perspective, they consider tourism involving attractions, transportation, settlements, supporting facilities and infrastructure. The main purpose of this research is, while recognizing criteria of natural and unnatural indexes affecting determining the effective location for future development of the region under study and their effects, the restrictions and restrictive indexes in the process of prospective development. Paying attention to extension of the facilities and infrastructure is important because the attractions by themselves do not lead to establish tourism industry and its activities. In analytical and descriptive methodology of research with field perceptions-based applied aim and paramedics’ opinions towards formulating theoretical fundamentals, library and internet information have been also used. By means of the weights obtained from analysis hierarchical method (AHP) and ranking in TOPSIS model the regions prone to develop Distinguished Binaloud Tourism Region project were classified into five categories: "quite desirable", "desirable", "fairly desirable", "undesirable" and "quite undesirable". In addition, the results show that quite undesirable places include only 2% of the total lands (min) of Binaloud, undesirable 13%, fairly desirable 28.83%, desirable 52.26% (max), and quite desirable involves 3.75% of the total area of Binaloud. Thus, natural and cultural attractions are important factors in location of tourism facilities and infrastructure; after that residential centers and transportation rank second, and the other indexes (health centers, toilets, commercial malls, installations, information centers, reception centers are among the next rankings.