1 دانشگاه تهرن
2 دانشکده جغرافیا دانشگاه تهران
3 شهرداری تهران
عنوان مقاله [English]
The sense of social security is not a formal and legal product; it usually originates from social interactions. The social capital is one of the most valuable outcomes of social life which has a strong impact on realization of sense of security. The social capital is composed of different components which have different effects on sense of security. However, this study aimed to investigate the effect of components of social capital on sense of security in neighborhoods of Noorabad, Delfan. This was descriptive-analytic study. The questionnaire was used as research tool. The population consisted of all citizens of Noorabad, Lorestan. Using Charles Cochran formula, the sample size was determined to be 384 people. In sampling process, the Noorabad was divided into three areas and fourteen neighborhoods. Using simple random sampling method, five neighborhoods (Azadgan, Farhangian, Baharestan, Jahadgaran, Pasdaran) were selected and the questionnaires were distributed in these neighborhoods. Using IBM SPSS Statistics software, the collected data were analyzed by descriptive and inferential (t-test, Pearson test, regression test, Friedman test) statistics. However, the findings showed that there was a significant relationship between age, gender, education level, job status, income level, years of residence in neighborhood, and security sense. There was also significant relationship between components of social capital including social trust, social participation, social relations, and social integration and sense of social security. It was concluded that among social capital components, the social trust and social integration had a greater impact on sense of social security. Also, it was determined that the neighborhoods which had highest social trust and social integration benefited form highest security sense. The Farhangian, Azadeghan, Jahadgaran, Baharestan, and Pasdaran had the highest to lowest level of social security sense, respectively.