2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد
عنوان مقاله [English]
The increasing value and importance of people’s roles in running the societies and the growth of democratic systems has attracted the attention to the idea of public involvement in administering the civil affairs. In the mean while councils which are the mediating political civil institutions between the government and citizens can be considered as the linking circle between people and civil managers and prepare the ground for comprehensive involvement of citizens in civil management. This study with descriptive and analytical approach tries to analyze the position, weaknesses, legal and applicable problems of the country’s civil councils with regard to civil management patterns, the existing laws and their applicability status. The people did not much involve in determining their own destiny like in running the cities, due to the structure of governmental system before the Constitutional Revolution, after which i.e. the victory of Islamic Revolution the governmental system turned toward decentralized management the first essential step of which was the foundation of Islamic councils in 1378 (1999) across the country to decentralize and make local systems of affairs administration. Also research findings indicate that civil councils of the country are facing internal and external difficulties doing their own tasks. The internal difficulties concern the level of knowledge, the members’ expertise and information, theoretical, legal and structural weaknesses, and organizational problems. Some of the external difficulties are caused by the non-recognition of councils by other institutions. The duality of civil managements and municipalities and not fulfilling and operational zing the theory of integrated civil management are among the things which lead the position of councils to weaken practically.